Tag Archives: Hubble

Unravelling the Web of a Cosmic Creeply-Crawly

Unravelling the Web of a Cosmic Creeply-Crawly

20140109 Ray Villard & Nicky Guttridge of Space Telescope Science Institute —

Cosmic Creeply-Crawly Tarantula Nebula
This huge Hubble Space Telescope mosaic of Tarantula Nebula, spanning a width of 600 light-years, shows a star factory of more the 800,000 stars being born. (20140109) Image by NASA, ESA, and E. Sabbi (STScI)


This new Hubble image is the best-ever view of a cosmic creepy-crawly known as the Tarantula Nebula, a region full of star clusters, glowing gas, and dark dust. Astronomers are exploring and mapping this nebula as part of the Hubble Tarantula Treasury Project, in a bid to try to understand its starry anatomy.

The Tarantula Nebula is located in one of our closest galactic neighbours, the Large Magellanic Cloud. Hubble has released images of this celestial spider several times before: in 2004 (heic0416), 2010 (heic1008), 2011 (heic1105) and 2012 (heic1206). While these images show striking panoramic views of this turbulent region, this new image gives us the deepest and most detailed view yet.

Created using observations taken as part of the Hubble Tarantula Treasury Project (HTTP), this image is composed of near-infrared observations from both Hubble’s Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) and Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS). Due to the combination of infrared filters in this image a purple haze fills the frame, with deep red wisps of dust and bright stars scattered throughout.

This region is an example of an HII region — a large cloud of partially ionised hydrogen within which new stars are being born. Visible to the left of centre is a sparkling star cluster known as R136. It was initially identified as a star, but astronomers puzzled over how one single monstrous star could ionise a giant HII region. However, astronomers later realised it was actually a cluster of stars: a super star cluster.

R136 will eventually become a globular cluster: a spherical ball of old stars that orbits around the centre of its host galaxy. R136 is so massive that it contributes greatly to the Tarantula’s brightness, emitting most of the energy that makes the nebula so visible.

The Hubble Tarantula Treasury Project (HTTP) is scanning and imaging many of the stars within the Tarantula, mapping out the locations and properties of the nebula’s stellar inhabitants. These observations will help astronomers to view the nebula and piece together an understanding of the nebula’s structure [1].

This new image is being released today, 9 January 2014, at the 223rd meeting of the American Astronomical Society in Washington, DC, USA.

Notes
[1] This image of 30 Doradus is also the focal point of an iBook on stellar evolution aimed at children with visual imparments. The book, called “Reach for the Stars: Touch, Look, Listen, Learn” is produced by Elena Sabbi — the lead researcher on this Hubble image — and her collaborators. More information can be found here.



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Kool Image Barred Spiral Galaxy NGC 1073

     
  Kool Image

Barred Spiral Galaxy NGC 1073

Barred Spiral Galaxy NGC 1073

 
 

The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope’s picture of the barred spiral galaxy NGC 1073, which is found in the constellation of Cetus (The Sea Monster). Our own galaxy, the Milky Way, is a similar barred spiral, and the study of galaxies such as NGC 1073 helps astronomers learn more about our celestial home.

Credit: NASA/ESA/Hubble Space Telescope

Available as a 20×16 inch poster at Barred Spiral Galaxy NGC 1073
Visit Hubble to discover more information.

 

Star Cluster NGC 3603

Kool Image

Star Cluster NGC 3603
The star-forming region NGC 3603 – seen here in the latest Hubble Space Telescope image – contains one of the most impressive massive young star clusters in the Milky Way. Bathed in gas and dust the cluster formed in a huge rush of star formation thought to have occurred around a million years ago. The hot blue stars at the core are responsible for carving out a huge cavity in the gas seen to the right of the star cluster in NGC 3603’s center.

Credit: NASA, ESA and the Hubble Heritage (STScI/AURA)-ESA/Hubble Collaboration