Category Archives: Annals of Science

February 10, 2008

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    This week from the Annels of Science    
         
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February 10

   
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Deep Blue
Photo courtesy IBM.
1996

 
Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania
A computer system developed by IBM named "Deep Blue" was the first chess-playing computer to win a chess game against a reigning world champion (Garry Kasparov) under regular time controls rules.

Deep Blue was a combination of special purpose hardware and software with an IBM RS/6000 SP2 (seen here) — a system capable of examining 200 million moves per second, or 50 billion positions, in the three minutes allocated for a single move in a chess game.

 
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February 11

   
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Thomas Alva Edison
1847
An original Edison light bulb from 1879 from Thomas Edison’s shop in Menlo Park. Photo by Terren.
 
Milan, Ohio
Thomas Alva Edison, prolific American inventor of light bulb (d. October 31, 1931), was born.
 
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February 12

   
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Albumen print by Julia Margaret Cameron (England, 1815-1879), 1868
1809

 
Shrewsbury,
Shropshire, England

The English naturalist Charles Robert Darwin (d. April 19, 1882) is born. He published in 1859, the book On the Origin of Species, which put forth the concept of evolution.
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February 13

   
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William Bradford Shockley. British-born American physicist and co-inventor of transistor. 1956, He won Nobel Prize in Physics. Government photo.
1910

 
London, England
Nobel laureate (Physics in 1956) William B. Shockley (d. August 12, 1989), inventer of the transitor was born.
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February 14

   
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Image by SciTechLab.
1961
Photo couretsy of NRCC.
 
Berkeley, California
Lawrencium, element 103, was discovered by Albert Ghiorso, Torbjørn Sikkeland, Almon Larsh, and Robert M. Latimer at the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory (now called Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) on the University of California, Berkeley campus.
 

1990

 
Solar System
U. S. space probe Voyager I takes first image of the Solar system showing the Sun as “star like” and six planets (Neptune, Uranus, Saturn, Venus, Earth and Jupiter) as mere dots.
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NASA photo.
   
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February 15

   
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Portrait of Galileo Galilei, ca. 1639. By Justus Sustermans (1597-1681).
1564

 

Pisa, Italy
Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, physicist mathematician, and philosopher (d.16420108) was born. The father of modern science developed working telescopes that had upright images, championed Copernicanism, and encouraged systematic qualitative experiments to learn about the world.

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Niklaus Emil Wirth
1934

 
Winterthur, Switzerland
Niklaus Wirth (d.), Swiss computer scientist was born.
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U.S. Army photo.
1946

 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
ENIAC (for “Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer”), the first general-purpose electronic computer, unveiled at the University of Pennsylvania.
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February 16

   
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Photo by Realman208.
1923
Photo by Chicago Daily News, Inc., 1924. Library of Congress.
 
Valley of the Kings, Egypt
Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun.
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Photo by Jscott.
1978

 
Chicago, Illinois
The first computer bulletin board system is created by Ward Christensen.